"If you take the 'love your enemy' out of Christianity, you've 'unChristianed" the Christian faith," Miroslav Volf.


  1. “It is tough for people with power to love your enemies,” says Volf. He believes that people who are marginalized do not often have this problem of trying to love their enemies. What might be the relationship between power and not being able to love one’s enemies? 
  2. Often the love of enemy is associated with weakness. What might be the difference between the love of power and the strength to love one’s enemies?
  3. Volf uses the example of Pius II’s letter to Sultan Muhammad II of Turkey to become a Christian and thus ending the crusades and uniting Christian and Muslim cultures. Even though this letter was unsuccessful, it was an attempt to reach out to another with the gospel that would have had world changing consequences. How can we attempt to love our enemies even though they might not return in kind?
  4. When Volf says that “Love of enemy is implicit to Kingdom” he means that without the love of the enemy we cannot have “Kingdom come” as Jesus asks us to pray. How is loving the enemy necessary to the Kingdom of God? Why do Christians sometimes hold to the ethic of loving the enemy on a personal level, but on a social or national level this fails to become a reality?

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